RP GA word p eer e p air p oor In RP, vowel length is phonemic;. Retrieved 6 February 2015. English Next India: The future of English in India (PDF). Only the personal pronouns retain morphological case more strongly than any other word class. Scots itself has a number of regional dialects. The increased use of the English language globally has had an effect on other languages, leading to some English words being assimilated into the vocabularies of other languages. For example, That girl over there, she was stung by a bee, emphasises the girl by preposition, but a similar effect could be achieved by postposition, she was stung by a bee, that girl over there, where reference to the girl. North America Main articles: American English, General American, African American Vernacular English, Southern American English, and Canadian English North American English is fairly homogeneous compared to British English. In the Wycliffe Bible of the 1380s, the verse Matthew 8:20 was written: Foxis han dennes, and briddis of heuene han nestis 46 Here the plural suffix -n on the verb have is still retained, but none. The phrase then functions as a single predicate.
Studies in English Language. K.; Hasan, Ruqaiya (1976). In most cases, interrogative words ( wh -words;.g. Modern English, sometimes described as the first global lingua franca, is also regarded as the first world language. By the 7th century, the Germanic language of the Anglo-Saxons became dominant in Britain, replacing the languages of Roman Britain (43409 CE Common Brittonic, a Celtic language, and Latin, brought to Britain by the Roman occupation. Ingvaeonic ) dialects brought to Great Britain. With the Norman conquest of England in 1066, the now norsified Old English language was subject to contact with the Old Norman language, a Romance language closely related to Modern French. Cambridge History of the English Language. Old English Literature: A Short Introduction.
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He/she/it him/her/it his/her/its his/hers/its himself/herself/itself 1st. International Journal of Applied Linguistics. The linguistic structure of modern English. Archived from the original on Retrieved Romaine 1999,. . A definite noun is assumed by the speaker to be already known by the interlocutor, whereas an indefinite noun is not specified as being previously known. Subordinate clauses may function as arguments of the verb in the main clause. The unvoiced velar fricative sound /x/ is found in Scottish English, which distinguishes loch /lx/ from lock /lk/.
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Great Vowel Shift, which changed the pronunciation of long vowels, but a few dialects have slightly different results. Retrieved Brinton, Laurel.; Brinton, Donna. The Great Vowel Shift explains many irregularities in spelling since English retains many spellings from Middle English, and it also explains why English vowel letters have very different pronunciations from the same letters in other languages. Many users of English in the expanding circle use it to communicate with other people from the expanding circle, so that interaction with native speakers of English plays no part in their decision to use English. 244 Traits that have spread from London in recent decades include the use of intrusive R ( drawing is pronounced drawring /drr t -glottalisation ( Potter is pronounced with a glottal stop as Po'er /po and the pronunciation. Specialised subsets of English arise spontaneously in international communities, for example, among international business people, as an auxiliary language. They are formed by using the past participle either with the auxiliary verb to be or to get, although not all varieties of English allow the use of passives with get. Other examples include Simple English. Denison, David; Hogg, Richard. Just as with questions, many negative constructions require the negation to occur with do-support, thus in Modern English I don't know him is the correct answer to the question Do you know him?, but not *I know him not. "he sent it to himself" or "she braced herself for impact.